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Sour mellon additionally called Karela in Hindi Kakarakaya in Telugu Pavakkai in Tamil Pavakka in Malayalam Hagalkai in Kannada Karela in Gujarati Karle in Marathi and Korola in Bengali can be fed on in diverse ways like drinking its juice pickle or using it in recipes pickle or using it in recipes.
Nutritional Benefits: Bitter gourds are very low in calories but dense with precious nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folic acid, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron, contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of spinach, and twice the potassium of a banana. Bitter melon contains a unique phyto-constituent that has been confirmed to have a hypoglycemic effect called charantin. There is also another insulin-like compound known as polypeptide P which have been suggested as insulin replacement in some diabetic patients.
Health Benefits: Few other fruits/vegetables offer medicinal properties for these ailments like bitter melon does. Blood disorders: Bitter gourd juice is highly beneficial for treating blood disorders like blood boils and itching due to toxemia. Mix 2 ounces of fresh bitter gourd juice with some lime juice. Sip it slowly on an empty stomach daily for between four and six months and see improvement in your condition. Cholera: In early stages of cholera, take two teaspoonfuls juice of bitter gourd leaves, mix with two teaspoonfuls white onion juice and one teaspoonful lime juice. Sip this concoction daily till you get well. Diabetes mellitus: Bitter melon contains a hypoglycemic compound (a plant insulin) that is highly beneficial in lowering sugar levels in blood and urine. Bitter melon juice has been shown to significantly improve glucose tolerance without increasing blood insulin levels. Energy: Regular consumption of bitter gourd juice has been proven to improve energy and stamina level. Even sleeping patterns have been shown to be improved/stabilized. Eye problems: The high beta-carotene and other properties in bitter gourd makes it one of the finest vegetable-fruit that help alleviate eye problems and improving eyesight.
Hangover: Bitter melon juice may be beneficial in the treatment of a hangover for its alcohol intoxication properties. It also help cleanse and repair and nourish liver problems due to alcohol consumption. Immune booster: This bitter juice can also help to build your immune system and increase your body’s resistance against infection. Piles: Mix three teaspoonfuls of juice from bitter melon leaves with a glassful of buttermilk. Take this every morning on empty stomach for about a month and see an improvement to your condition. To hasten the healing, use the paste of the roots of bitter melon plant and apply over the piles. Psoriasis: Regular consumption of this bitter juice has also been known to improve psoriasis condition and other fungal infections like ring-worm and athletes feet.
Respiratory disorders: Take two ounces of fresh bitter melon juice and mix with a cup of honey diluted in water. Drink daily to improve asthma, bronchitis and pharyngitis.
Toxemia: Bitter gourd contains beneficial properties that cleanses the blood from toxins. Sip two teaspoonfuls of the juice daily to help cleanse the liver. Also helpful in ridding jaundice for the same reasons.

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Onions are part of the allium family of Onions are part of the allium circle of relatives of vegitables and herbs which additionally includes chives garlic scallions and leeks.Onions includes lowering the hazard of numerous varieties of most cancers enhancing temper and mantanning the fitness of skin and hair. Onion is commercially grown on an area of 131.4 thousand hectares with the production of 1.8 million tones (Table 2). The major onion growing districts are Kasur and Vehari, in Punjab; Hyderabad, Sanghar, Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Dadu , Badin, N. Feroze, Ghotki and Shikarpur in Sindh; Swat and Dir in NWFP and Chaghi, Kharan, Kalat, Nasirabad, Mastung, Killa Saifullah, Khuzdar, Turbat and Jaffarabad in Balochistan. These 22 districts account for more than 77 percent of the total production of onion in Pakistan. More than 50 percent of the total production comes from eight districts namely Hyderabad, Sanghar, Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Swat, Chaghi, Kharan and Kalat. Top ten onion producing districts are Chaghi, Hyderabad, Sanghar, Swat, Kharan, Kalat, Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Nasirabad and Dir contributing more than 59% of total production. The total production of onion from Punjab is equivalent to the total production of two districts of Balochistan (Chaghi and Kharan). Hyderabad and Sanghar districts of Sindh produce 3% more than that of whole Punjab.

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Water frequently while new plants are establishing. Also water during dry periods in the growing season. Water from the bottom as water from overhead can rot the crown and fruit.During the growing season, give strawberry plants a liquid potash feed – such as a tomato feed – every 7 to 14 days. In early spring, apply general fertiliser.In a heated greenhouse or conservatory it is possible to bring forward flowering by several weeks so long as the temperature does not go above because this will inhibit flowering. You will also need to hand pollinate the flowers.Strawberries are so versatile they just need sun shelter and fertile well drained soil. Avoid areas prone to frost and soils that have previously grown potatoes chrysanthemums or tomatoes because they are all prone to the disease verticillium wilt.Buy plants from a trustworthy supplier so that the cultivars are what they say they are and the plants are disease free. Order plants in late summer so that they can be planted in early autumn. Strawberry plants bought as cold-stored runners should be planted from late spring to early summer and will fruit 60 days after planting.
Summer fruiting varieties are the largest and most popular. They have a short but heavy cropping period over two or three weeks. There are early, mid-, and late fruiting cultivars cropping from early to mid-summer.
Perpetual strawberries sometimes called everbearers produce small flushes of fruits from early summer to early autumn. The crops are not so heavy as the summer fruiting ones and the fruits are smaller with the plants less likely to produce runners. Perpetual strawberries are useful for extending the season. To concentrate strawberry production in late summer and early autumn remove the early summer flowers.

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Cherries are delicious, beautiful, and in season now national Cherry Day is on July sixteenth in the uk. eat this superfruit before its brief growing season comes to an end. while you consume cherries you experience an awful lot extra than simply their notable taste. Cherry is a cherished fruit tree in Pakistan as well as in other parts of the world. Balochistan is called ‘fruit-basket of the country’; however, Northern Areas is not behind in any case. Due to communication problems, Gilgit-Baltistan is not depicted on the national agricultural landscape. However, enabling climatic and environmental conditions prevailing in the area provide a great opportunity to grow a wide range of fruit variety besides a good number of cash crops that has been prominent on the country’s agricultural profile for the last decade. Moreover, the Federal Crop Reporting Services has neglected Gilgit-Baltistan and never properly highlighted the region’s resources.

Crops

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The crop is grown in climates ranging from temperate to tropic at some stage in the duration while imply daily temperatures are above 15°C and frost-unfastened. Adaptability of sorts in distinctive climates varies extensively. a success cultivation markedly relies upon at the proper desire of types in order that the duration of growing duration of the crop suits the length of the growing season and the motive for which the crop is to be grown. range choice trials to identify the quality suitable types for given areas are frequently important. whilst mean every day temperatures at some point of the growing season are extra than 20°C, early grain varieties take 80 to 110 days and medium varieties 110 to one hundred forty days to mature. when grown as a vegetable, these sorts are 15 to 20 days shorter. while suggest daily temperatures are below 20°C, there's an extension in days to adulthood of 10 to 20 days for every 0.5°C lower relying on range.

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Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant associated with the hibiscus. The seeds are planted in spring and cotton plants grow into green, furry shrubs about a metre in peak. The plants in short develop crimson and cream coloured flowers that once pollinated, drop off and are changed with “fruit”, better referred to as cotton bolls.Cotton is a tender, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or defensive case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium inside the family of Malvaceae. The fibre is nearly natural cellulose in addition to fabric products like underwear, socks and t-shirts, cotton is also used in fishnets, espresso filters, ebook binding and archival paper. Cotton is a meals AND a fibre crop. Cotton seed is fed to farm animals and overwhelmed to make oil. ... Linters are the very short fibres that stay at the cottonseed after ginning.

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The watermelon is a flowering plant thought to have originated in southern Africa where it is found growing wild. It reaches maximum genetic diversity there with sweet bland and bitter forms. In the 19th century Alphonse de Candolle considered the watermelon to be indigenous to tropical Africa.Citrullus colocynthis is often considered to be a wild ancestor of the watermelon and is now found native in north and west Africa. In 2014 global production of watermelons was 111 million tonnes with China alone accounting for of the total.Secondary producers each with less than of world production included Turkey Iran Brazil and Egypt. Watermelon fruit is water contains sugars, and is low in fat. In a 100 gram serving watermelon fruit supplies 30 calories and low amounts of essential nutrients. Only vitamin C is present in appreciable content at of the Daily Value. Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids including lycopene.

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Seed Selection: Choosing seed of a suitable variety of rice that suits the environment it will be grown in and ensuring the seed choosen of that variety is of the highest possible quality is the essential first step in rice production.
Land preparation: Before rice can be planted, the soil should be in the best physical condition for crop growth and the soil surface is level. Land preparation involves plowing and harrowing to ‘till’ or dig-up, mix and level the soil. Tillage allows the seeds to be planted at the right depth, and also helps with weed control. Farmers can till the land themselves using hoes and other equipment or they can be assisted by draft animals, such as buffalo, or tractors and other machinery. Next, the land is leveled to reduce the amount of water wasted by uneven pockets of too-deep water or exposed soil. Effective land leveling allows the seedlings to become established more easily, reduces the amount of effort required to manage the crop, and increases both grain quality and yields.
Crop establishment: The two main practices of establishing rice plants are transplanting and direct seeding. Transplanting is the most popular plant establishment technique across Asia. Pre- germinated seedlings are transferred from a seedbed to the wet field. It requires less seed and is an effective method to control weeds, but requires more labor. Seedlings may be transplanted by either machine or hand.
Water use and management: Cultivated rice is extremely sensitive to water shortages. To ensure sufficient water, most rice farmers aim to maintain flooded conditions in their field. This is especially true for lowland rice. Good water management in lowland rice focuses on practices that conserve water while ensuring sufficient water for the crop.
Nutrient management: At each growth stage, the rice plant has specific nutrient needs. This makes nutrient management a critical aspect of rice farming.The unique properties of flooded soils make rice different from any other crop. Because of prolonged flooding in rice fields, farmers are able to conserve soil organic matter and also receive free input of nitrogen from biological sources, which means they need little or no nitrogen fertilizer to retain yields. However, farmers can tailor nutrient management to the specific conditions of their field to increase yields.
Crop health: The rice plant has a wide array of ‘enemies’ in the field. These include rodents, harmful insects, viruses, diseases, and weeds. Farmers manage weeds through water management and land preparation, by hand weeding, and in some cases herbcide application. Understanding the interactions among pests, natural enemies, host plants, other organisms, and the environment allows farmers to determine what if any pest management may be necessary. Avoiding conditions that allow pests to adapt and thrive in a particular ecosystem helps to identify weak links in the pests' life cycle and therefore what factors can be manipulated to manage them. Retaining natural ecosystems such that predators and natural enemies of pests and diseases are kept in abundance can also help keep pest numbers down.

Farm Profile

Murdana Farm Is Situated At Distt. Sahiwal And Faisalabad- Punjab Pakistan, Involved In Fresh Vegetable And Fruit Production. It Is Managed By Various Family Agriculture Graduates. This Farm Was Established In 1986 As Vegetable And Fresh Fruit Production. This Farm And Owners Has Been Honored By FAO ON May 5, 1995 And May 5, 1996 As Recognition Of Outstanding Performance And Fighting Against Hunger And Poverty. Many Times Had Honored By Chief Executive Of Pakistan And Prime Minister Of Pakistan As Beacon Of Progressive Farming And As Best Farmer Of The Province. We Are Producing Sweet Peppers, Hot Peppers, Cucumbers, Tomato, Melons, Water Melons And Onion On The Area Of 100 Acres In Different Kind Of Plastic Tunnels (Mini, Walk-In And High). We Use High Efficiency Irrigation System (Drip Irrigation). Keeping In Mind Health And Safety Standards Using EC Standard Seeds, Fertilizers And Other Agriculture Allied Material Required. Murdana Farm Has Trained 7000 Enterprise Employees, Provided Consultation To More Than 700 Agro/Food Companies And More Than 2000 High Quality Products With Murdana Farm Brand Are Available On All Over Hypermarkets. Murdana Farm. Started Operations In Pakistan On 1st April, 2012, The Name And Business Strength That Has Been Earned By Our Organization Today, Is Due To The Professionally Equipped Staff, Who Have Been Trained From Pakistan With A Vigorous Training.The Company Has Trained Over 150 Government Employees (100 Agri / 50 Livestock) And 150 Private Employees, Provided Consultation To More Than 55 Agro/Food Suppliers, More Than 21 High Quality Product Categories Under Murdana Farm Traceability System, After Getting Training From Murdana Farm Pakistan.